A growing number of prominent financial groups believes the era of low inflation is behind us, and that one investment strategy is to boost exposure to commodities and natural resources.
Pacific Investment Management Company, or PIMCO, recently joined Capital Group and Union Investment in raising doubts that global central banks will succeed in stabilizing prices long-term. Recent changes in the world economy, including higher labor costs and a retreat from globalization, suggest that increased inflation volatility may be the norm going forward, PIMCO says.
Analysts at the world’s largest fixed-income manager, with some $1.8 trillion in assets under management, believe investors may be able to prepare by buying inflation-adjusted bonds, raising cash levels and gaining additional exposure to commodities, many of which have surged in price on supply-demand imbalances.
Indeed, energy costs as well as prices for fossil fuels have skyrocketed in 2022 as international sanctions on Russia have destabilized supply chains. In several European markets, including the U.K., France, Germany and Italy, power prices have repeatedly hit fresh record highs. Electricity prices in Germany have risen so much this year that they’re the equivalent of $1,000-per-barrel oil, according to Bloomberg. Coal has also hit a new all-time high.
“Green” Metals Our Favorite For The Long Term
I believe the proverb “If you can’t beat them, join them” could apply here. If PIMCO and the others are right, and energy costs and commodity prices will be elevated for longer, investors may want to consider adding to their exposure.
Besides gold and silver, we prefer metals and minerals that may benefit the most from a global transition to renewable energies and electric vehicles (EVs). These include but are not limited to lithium, copper, nickel, cobalt, zinc and others.
In the U.S. and China, prices for lithium carbonate, a critical component in EV batteries, are at record or near-record prices right now, exacerbated by power cuts in China as a historically intense heatwave tests electricity grids.
Even if power cuts were not an issue, we would still like lithium and lithium producers in the long run. Global EV sales are forecast to hit an annual 64 million units by 2040, up from 6.6 million in 2021, according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance.
We also like copper, sometimes called the “metal of electrification.” Demand for the highly conductible red metal is projected to grow from 25 million metric tons today to about 50 million metric tons by 2035, according to S&P Global. Per-capita consumption growth could accelerate markedly between 2024 and 2035 as global investments are made to meet net-zero emissions goals.
This unprecedented growth will necessitate the development of new mining projects, as demand will not be met through substitution and recycling alone.
How To Invest
One of the ways investors get exposure to commodities is with our Global Resources Fund (PSPFX),which takes a multi-faceted approach to the natural resources sector by investing in energy and basic materials. PSPFX invests in companies involved in the exploration, production and processing of a number of minerals and materials, and it can invest in any part of the world.
In recent years, PSPFX has placed a special emphasis on “green” metals, as we believe these will appreciate the fastest as the energy transition accelerates.
Among the largest holdings in the fund as of June 30 were Filo Mining, a copper-gold producer, and Ivanhoe Mines, which operates one of the largest copper deposits in the world at its Kamoa-Kakula Copper Mine in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Ivanhoe reported a record profit of $351.5 million for the second quarter, on record sales of 85,794 tonnes of copper.
Below you can see the results over the past 12 months. PSPFX has outperformed the S&P 500 as of August 22, and for much of the period it was either in line with or beating its benchmark, the S&P Global Natural Resources Index.